Wednesday, August 22, 2012


Pionierpanzer are armored tracked vehicles of the pioneers . They are used to the fighting forces to pave the way to overcome obstacles, to eliminate or to evacuate. Furthermore, one of its tasks the creation of collateral , as well as mountains and crane work. To meet these requirements will be able to, they are provided with the necessary specialized equipment.
As the armies of different countries provide some very different demands on the device, only within the small category of armored engineering are huge differences. With all the same, only the component "is earth movement ".


1 Bundeswehr
1.1 Räumpanzer
1.2 Successors
2 Other armies
2.1 Armée française de onshore
2.2 US Army
2.3 British Army
2.4 Spanish forces
Three countries of the Eastern Bloc



When the nascent Bundeswehr Panzer Engineers were the companies initially with a vehicle held by the U.S. Army equipped. These related to the "Räumpanzer", a battle tank M 48 A2 , which was equipped with a snow plow on the front and had to be operated from the driver. There were only rough work is performed. The name for this vehicle was: M48A2DB (DB - Dozer blade), in the army and then M48RPz last without cannon M48A2CR


End of the seventies began with the development of an improved successor. Of the "Armored pioneer machine" (GPM) two prototypes were produced in the chassis "Leopard-1-family."
  • GPM 1 MAK (Maschinenbau Kiel)
Knick-frame arm backhoe on a turret (similar to a battle tank tower ), 360 ° rotation
Arrangement commander and excavator operator in the tower as the battle tank commander and loader
divisible blade with cutting angle adjustment
Recovery winch for 35 t
Weight 55 t max
For weight reasons, the Motorabdeckplatte aluminum was produced.
Since the bucket could fall to the side in the chain, it was theoretically possible to overturn the vehicle on their own power!

  • GPM 2 EER (Eisenwerke Kaiserslautern)
2 telescopic excavator with turntables left and right front, excavator arms stored backward, swivel range 195 ° each.
Lying in between the crew compartment (front driver behind operator, behind Commander ), operating the excavator right by the driver of the excavator left by the operator, who could also override the driver.
Blade with cutting angle adjustment.
Recovery winch for 35 t
Weight 57 t max.
The operation of the units were already indirectly via manual / hydraulic controlled valves. (So-called pre-controlled valves.)
Reverse Propelled could (with the help of telescopic excavator arms) gradients of 85% to be overcome!

Since the vehicles are too heavy, thus hopelessly underpowered and the hydraulic system was too complicated, and because of the rising costs, the project was set.
They decided then to Badger armored engineering as a successor who is not a new development, but an improvement of the previous concept.

Other armies
During the active period of the pioneer Tank 1 possessed the other NATO - armies of the following Engineer Vehicle:

Armée Française of Terre

  • EBG (Engin Blindé du Génie) on the basis of the battle tank AMX 30 B2
  • Length: 8.29 meters
  • Width: 3.35 meters
  • Weight: 31000 kg
  • Fuel capacity: 990 liters for 500 km on the road or working 16-18 hours use
  • Crew: 3 men
  • Climbing ability: 60%
  • possible bank: 30%
  • Ground clearance: 45 inches
  • Clearing capacity: 200 m³ / h
  • Blade and bendable 15-ton Teleskopkranarm with Claw (root grapple)
  • Earth drilling
  • Winch: Towing capacity 35 t, 80 meters cable length
  • Mortar for anti-tank mines (mine antichar dispersable - AC DIS Mle F1)
  • 20 mines on board (throw distance up to 260 meters)
  • Mortar for 10 kg of explosives (Canon de 10 kg demolition d'explosif)
  • 5 charges on board (throw 30-550 meters)
  • Machine gun 7.62 mm
Auxiliary motor for hydraulic system
2007, still in service

U.S. Army

  • M 728 CEV (Combat Engineer Vehicle)
Turret and hull of battle tank M 60 with the tower attached "A" - derrick of 15 t capacity
Hydr. dozer at the front

  • Length: 8.64 m
  • Width: 3.60 m
  • Height: 3.26 m
  • Weight: 54 t
  • Max road speed: 48 km / h
  • Armament: 1 Petard 165-mm-(mortar) for 30-kg loads, firing range 1000 m
  • 1 machine gun 12.7 mm Browning M2 in cupola
  • One M60 machine gun , coaxial
  • Development and Production: 1960 first prototype as T 118 with the hull of the T-95 main battle tank prototype
  • Field trials: 1966
  • Introduced: 1967
In the U.S. Army no longer in service.

  • M 9 AEV (Armored Engineer Vehicle) (Also known as "Armored Combat Earthmover" hereinafter)
Only an armored bulldozer with a loading area behind the plow blade. (A kind of armored wheelbarrow)
Length: 6.25 m
Width: 3.10 m
Height: 2.70 m
Weight: 15 tons
Power: 195 hp (diesel)
1963 called for the U.S. Army as a new vehicle Universal Engineer Tractor . Developments by International Harvester as UET andCaterpillar as UETA. After troops try the machine by International Harvester was selected. You should replace a conglomeration of existing multi-purpose machine pioneer. Hinders the development was due to multiple changes to the originally requested specifications.
Introduced: 1977
Crew: 1
Armament: none
2007, still in service

British Army

  • FV 180 CET (Combat Engineer Tractor)

Combat Engineer Tractor FV 180
This vehicle is truly out of the ordinary. Floats (using inflatable rubber bulges), the device has the dozer (the sign of a track loader ) at therear . Two crew sit in the tower in tandem behind the other on swivel seats and act as forward (normal riding) and as reverse drivers (work with the shield).
Another special feature is the huge anchor of profiled sheeting . He is on the cover of the tank , and via rocket propulsion are shot to process after swimming at river crossings to facilitate the landing. At anchor is Zugwindenseil fixed and so to overcome a slope support.Because of the low accuracy - the manufacturer is a deviation of 45 ° to each side - the British pioneers themselves not very enthusiastic about this system, since the anchor flies, where it will.
Length: 5.30 m (7.50 m with floating sleeves)
Width: 2.90 m
Height: 2.67 m
Weight: 17.2 t
Max road speed: 56 km / h
Max speed in swimming: 8 km / h
Motor: Rolls Royce C6TCR
Power: 320 hp
Fuel tank: 430 liters
Armament: 1 machine gun 7.62 mm
Production: from 1979
assigned to the armored squadrons of the Royal Engineers
2007 still in service - should be replaced from 2008 by the Engineer Vehicle "TERRIER". (According to "Jane's Military Vehicles and Logistics" were, however, in 2010 the trials not yet completed on the first four pre-series.)

Spanische Streitkräfte

  • ALACRÁN CZ 10/25 E
After introduction of the Leopard 2 main battle tanks in Spain as some of the now surplus and no longer needed were battle tank M60 converted to pioneer tanks. The gun was removed to and on the gun shield, a hydraulic excavator mounted. In the driving position of this excavator is placed on the motor plate. Furthermore, the vehicle was equipped with a dozer blade on the front. The crew consists of two men, the specifications such as dimensions and driveability are still those of the M60A3.

Eastern bloc countries

Warsaw Pact and the militarily ajar, neutral States have after the Second World War , first on anything that would have meant a Pionierpanzer. The existing at that time Bergepanzer T55T (in the GDR armored tractor , in the CSSR MT55 ) was adopted by the NVA converted the GDR in own contribution to a combined armored recovery vehicles / armored engineering called T55K and, if known, used only there. The vehicle first appeared in 1970 in appearance and was by NATO as the ACR (addressed Armoured Vehicle Crane.)
  • Technical equipment:
a front-side clearing and support plate and a rear-side support plate
a rotatable 360 ° crane on the left (with the efficiency of the crane is sufficient for a rook move specified)
A winch with a simple pull of 25 tonnes
As of 1976, then the troops of the Soviet bloc possessed the first time a pure armored engineering. Soviet-made IMR appeared(Inzhenernaya Mashina Razgrazhdenija ) on the chassis of the T55. This vehicle equipped with a crane boom and having a hook with stem großdimensioniertem V-shaped blade with Oberflächengleitschuh. The V-shaped plow blade was necessary because the vehicle should also be used for snow removal. The Oberflächengleitschuh prevented in this case, the sub-cutting. The crane was mounted on an armored turret, which was mounted in place of the battle tower. To transport the crane arm was driving back stored in a rack and the gripper attached to a device at the rear.
  • Dimensions:
Maximum width about dozer: 3.48 meters
Maximum length Räumschildspitze end boom: 10.60 meters
Maximum Height to crane launched: 3.37 meters